Kyriarchy and Discrimination

Kyriarchy: a social system or set of connecting social systems which are build around domination, submission and oppression.

Trans*

  • Transphobia: fear, dislike or hatred of transgender people and/or the idea of transgender in general
  • Cissexism: institutional response which assumes that all people are cisgender and therefore excludes the needs, concerns and life experiences of non-cisgender people; awards power to cisgender people and denies privileges/rights to non-cisgender people
  • Cisgender privilege (or “cis” privilege): set of advantages that individuals who identify as the gender they were assigned at birth due to their cisgender status
  • Cisgenderism: “is a prejudice that denies, ignores, denigrates, or stigmatizes any stereotypically non-cisgender form of expression, sexual activity, behavior, relationship, or community” ~ Transgender HIV/AIDS Info website
    • Exists in transgender/cisgender people
  • Trans-misogyny: sexist discrimination against transwomen
    • Problem cuz of patriarchal society that has contempt for women, feminity, non-conformity, and gender variance

 

Nonbinary/Genderqueer:

  • Transphobia and cissexism applied to non-binary and genderqueer people as well.
  • Genderism or Gender binarism: a mode of thought predicated on the stable position of male/female and man/woman that is inadequate approach to areas of difference which is enforced and established that there is a direct link between gender and sex assigned at birth (based on part of the Merriam Webster definition of binarism)
  • Binary transgender privilege (or binary “trans” privilege): a set of advantages that individuals who identify with the binary receive due to their cisgender or trans binary status
  • Misdirected misogyny: form of sexism directed at being directed as people who don’t identify as women (includes non-binary people, transmen, gender non-conforming cis people)
    • QPOC: Queer person of color
    • MOGAI: Marginalized Orientations, Gender Alignments and Intersex.

 

Intersex:

  • interphobia/intersexphobia: fear, dislike and/or hatred of intersex people and/or intetrsexuality
  • Dyadism: institutional response which assumes that all people are one of 2 narrow sex classifications and therefore excludes the needs, concerns and life experiences of intersex people; awards power to non-intersex people and denies privileges/rights to intersex people

 

Monosexuality:

  • Homophobia: fear, dislike, or hatred of homosexuals
  • Heterosexism: institutional response which assumes that all people are heterosexual and therefore excludes the needs, concerns, and life experiences of non-heterosexual people; awards power and other rewards to heterosexual people and denies privileges and rights to non-heterosexual people
  • Compulsory heterosexuality: the idea that heterosexuality is expected and enforced in our society; therefore, heterosexuality is viewed as natural and an obligation
  • Heterosexual privilege: set of advantages that individuals who are heterosexual receive solely because of their heterosexuality
    • ex. signs of affection in public without threat/punishment, employing a teacher and assuming that they will corrupt the children if they’re homosexual, dating, social acceptance, etc.
  • effeminaphobia: fear, hatred, or dislike of femininity

Polysexuality:

  • Biphobia: the irrational fear or hatred of bisexuals or bisexuality
  • Monosexism: institutional response which assumes that all people are monosexual and therefore excludes the needs, concerns, and life experience of non-monosexual people (bi-, poly-, pan-, etc.); awards power and other rewards to monosexual people and denies privileges and rights to non-monosexual people
  • Compulsory monosexuality: the idea that we live in a society where it’s assumed and enforced that you are attracted to only one gender
  • Monosexual privilege: set of advantages that individuals who are monosexual (ex. Homo-, hetero-, gynesexual) recieve solely because of their monosexuality
    • Ex. you’re not treated as if you’re in the closet, greater trust in credibility when come out, can be polyamorous without enforcing stereotypes

 

Asexual:

Note: asexual is not only an identity but an umbrella term and spectrum for people who aren’t strictly allosexual (ex. Demi-, litho-, cupio-, etc.).

  • Acephobia/asexophobia/asexualphobia: fear, dislike and/or hatred of asexuals and/or asexuality
  • Allosexism: institutional discrimination against asexuals and those on the asexual spectrum while appealing to the norms of allosexuals (those who have sexual attraction) and values intimate sexual relationships over those that don’t include sex
  • Compulsory allosexuality: the idea that allosexuality (having sexual attraction) is expected and enforced in our society; therefore, allosexuality is viewed as natural and an obligation
  • Allosexual privilege: set of advantages that individuals who are allosexual (who experience sexual attraction) receive solely because of their allosexuality
    • Ex. assumed to be sexual, no need to explain allosexual status, sexuality will be discussed/represented in sex education classes (Everyday Feminism)

 

Aromantic:

Note: asexual is not only an identity but an umbrella term and spectrum for people who aren’t strictly allosexual (ex. Demi-, litho-, cupio-, etc.).

  • Acrophobia: fear, dislike, and/or hatred of aromantics and/or aromanticism
  • Alloromanticisim: institutional discrimination against aromantic and those on the aromantic spectrum people and appeals to norms of alloromantics (those who having romantic attraction) and values intimate romantic relationships over intimate platonic relationships
  • Compulsory alloromanticism: the idea that alloromanticism (having romantic attraction) is expected and enforced in our society; therefore, alloromanticism is viewed as natural and an obligation
  • Alloromantic privilege: set of advantages that individuals who are alloromantic (who experience romantic attraction) receive solely because of their alloromanticism
  • Amatonormativity: social force which treats romantic relationships as superior and/or more necessary than platonic and non-romantic relationships
    • Oppresses aromantics, hurts others too

 

Apply to Several Above and Below:

  • Dehumanization: treating someone as though they are not a human being
    • Ex. “transgendered people are just sick”—> reduces transgender people to a ‘condition’
  • Erasure: the tendency to ignore, falsify, or reexplain evidence about _____ whether in a historical, academic, news media or other context
    • Gender identity: (least erasure→ most erasure)
      • Tranwomen, Transmen, trans-masc, non-binary/gq masc, nb/gq femme
    • Sexuality (same scale as above)
      • Monosexual (ex. gay), Polysexual (ex. bi-), Asexual, Aromantic
  • Invalidation:

 

Intersectional Discrimination: 

  • Ableism: discrimination in favor of the able-bodied; notion that people with disabilities as a group are inferior to non-disabled people
  • Racism
  • Colorism
  • Sexism
  • Classicism: prejudice or discrimination based on class (upper, middle, lower, impoverished)
  • Xenophobia: “intense dislike or fear of people from other countries” ~Google
  • Islamophobia
  • Discrimination against drug users
  • Binarism: “a mode of thought predicated on stable position (as disabled and non-disabled or male and female) that is seen in post-structuralist analysis as an inadequate approach to areas of difference; also : a specific dichotomy subscribed to or reinforced in such thought” ~ Merriam Webster
  • Mentalism: discrimination and/or oppression of someone because of a mental trait, condition or a trait/condition they are perceived to have
    • Relates to ableism